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This web site contains information about Pet Fish Talk, the weekly internet talk show about keeping pet fish in aquariums, fish bowls, and ponds.
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Pet Fish Talk about keeping pet fish in aquariums, fish bowls, and ponds.
Pet Fish Talk about keeping pet fish in aquariums, fish bowls, and ponds.

Pet Fish Talk about keeping pet fish in aquariums, fish bowls, and ponds.

Pet Fish Talk.
     For the April 22, 2009 Pet Fish Talk Show.
In this show the Bailey Brothers talk about the Fish in the News, Nevin's Fishy Factoid, then talk with callers and read questions from listeners.
Click here to hear this show.
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As you listen to Pet Fish Talk, you can also follow other underlined links to related web pages with pictures, videos, and more information about the topics being discuss during the show.
Listening Guide with Comments, Pictures, and Links for this Week's Pet Fish Talk Show
Breeding and Spawning African Cichlids
1. The picture above shows a mature male so-called Red Zebra on the left and a mature female Red Zebra on the right. Their scientific name is something like Pseudotropheus Maylandia estherae. Pseudotropheus is a genus of fish in the group called Mbunas that live among the rocks along the shores of Lake Malawi in East Africa. These fish now live in Tom's Mbuna Aquarium with about 20 other Mbunas, plus a Plecostomus Catfish, and Julian, a male Cichlid, whose ancestors lived in Lake Victoria in East Africa.
Male Red Zebra - Mbuna Species from Lake Malawi - African Cichlid
2. Here's the same male looking inside a Cichlid Stone. I've named this male Percy.
Male Red Zebra - Pseudotropheus Maylandia estherae
3. This fish is Percy's rival. I named him Tan. He is also a mature male Red Zebra but a lighter tan-colored variety. Tan is bigger than Percy and more dominant in Tom's Mbuna Aquarium.
Two male Red Zebras - Mbuna Cichlids from Lake Malawi in East Africa
4. Here Tan guards the opening to a Cichlid Stone and spreads his fins out wide to intimidate Percy, but Percy just ignored Tan a swam the other way.
Two males and a female Red Zebra Cichlilds from Lake Malawi
5. In the picture, just above, you can see the two males: Tan on the right and Percy in the middle-foreground. The third fish, which is on the left, I named Flame. She's a female Red Zebra. Flame likes Percy and ignores Tan.
Male Red Zebra Mbuna
6. Flame can just barely be seen inside the Cichlid Stone, while Percy swims outside.
Male Labeotropheus trewavasae - African Cichlid from Lake Malawi
7. Here's Tré, a young male Labeotropheus trewavasae, which is another species of Mbuna. As Percy and Flame spawned, Tré seemed confused and tried to attract Flame, but she ignored Tré.
Male African Cichlid from Lake Victoria in East Africa
8. Here's Julius. He's a Cichlid too, but his ancestors came from Lake Victoria, which is about 500-miles north of Lake Malawi in East Africa. Julius always fights with all the other fish and so contributes to the confusion.
Spawning male and female Pseudotropheus Maylandia estherae from Lake Malawi in East Africa
9. Here is Flame, below, and Percy, above. They often interact by circling about each other, rubbing and poking each other, and in many other ways. In this picture if you know just where to look you can just barely see the very small bump on the rear of Flame's abdomen that is the tube that delivers her eggs.
Female Red Zebra mouthbrooder with a mouthful of fresh eggs.
10. Flame apparently spawned with Percy inside this Cichlid Stone. She is a mouthbrooder, which means she lays the eggs and then picks them up in her mouth, where she will incubate them for about 21-days.
Labeotropheus trewavasae, an African Cichlid from Lake Malawi in East Africa
11. Flame ignored Tré, but he caused problems by going inside the Cichlid Stone, and disrupting the spawning of Percy and Flame.
Male and female Red Zebra, African Cichlids from Lake Malawi
12. Here Percy is hidden inside the Cichlid Stone, Flame is about to enter, and Tan is trying to attract Flame inside his Cichlid Stone.
Male and female Red Zebra, African Cichlids from Lake Malawi
13. Flame goes into the Cichlid Stone with Percy and ignores Tan, who waits nearby.
Two  males and a female Red Zebra, African Cichlids from Lake Malawi
14. Percy is on the left, Flame above, Tan on the right, and two smaller Mbunas are below on the left side.
Male and female Red Zebra, African Cichlids from Lake Malawi
15. Percy and Flame would repeatedly exit the Cichlid Stone then circle about one another, as shown here, then go back inside.
Male and female Red Zebra, African Cichlids from Lake Malawi
16. Here is Flame with her mouth bulging with freshly laid eggs. That's Percy on the right.
Mature male Labeotropheus trewavasae from Lake Malawi in East Africa
17. Here comes Tré again with his fins spread wide, trying to attract Flame, but she swam the other way.
Two males and a female Red Zebra, African Cichlids from Lake Malawi
18. From top to bottom this is Percy, Flame, and Tan. When Tan was nearby Percy did not spread his fins. Tan constantly had his fins spread and swam in front of Flame. She ignored him. Again you can just barely see the tube at the rear of Flame's abdomen.
Trewavasae, African Cichlid species from Lake Malawi in East Africa
19. Tré swims past the Cichlid Stone again. He was very energetic. His coloration was less blue and more white.
Male and female Red Zebra, African Cichlids from Lake Malawi

20. Flame swims right across in front of Percy. She constantly encouraged him. Here again you can just barely see the tube at the rear of Flame's abdomen.

21. Flame with a big mouthful of freshly laid eggs. Here again you can just barely see the tube at the rear of Flame's abdomen.
Fmale Red Zebra, African Cichlid from Lake Malawi
22. The spawning went on for over an hour. From time to time Flame would go hide in a smaller Cichlid Stone. Later to come out, ignore Tré and Tan, while looking for Percy. Am I imagining things, or can I actually see eggs inside her slightly open mouth ?
Labeotropheus trewavasae - African Cichlid Species from Lake Malawi in East Africa
23. Tré back again looking to make things difficult for Percy and Flame.
Trewavasae and Estherae males - Mbuna Species of African Cichlids
24. Tré displaying his fins to intimidate Percy. Percy took a few glances at Tré then swam the other way.
African Cichlid species from Lake Victoria in East Africa
25. Julius never stopped flashing his bright colors and causing more confusion.
Three Red Zebras - Pseudotropheus from Lake Malawi
26. Here is Flame in the middle, Percy on the right, and on the left is another young Red Zebra that was born and raised in this aquarium.
Spawning pair of Red Zebra - African Cichlid species from Lake Malawi in East Africa
27. Flame, on the left, swims with Percy after spawning.
Spawning pair of Red Zebra - African Cichlid species from Lake Malawi in East Africa
28. Flame in front of Percy.
Spawning pair of Red Zebra - African Cichlid species from Lake Malawi in East Africa
29. Percy looking at Flame's bulging mouth. Actually the eggs are held in a buccal cavity.
Male Trewavasae and Male Estherae - Mbuna African Cichlid species from Lake Malawi
30. The spawning is over but Tré is still excited.
Spawning pair of Red Zebra - African Cichlid species from Lake Malawi in East Africa
31. Flame and Percy have finished spawning and still together.
Link to a Story from Brad in Michigan
Hey Guys, Thought you might find this article interesting!  Something I didn't realize that all octopuses have venom. I snorkeled off the island of St. Croix and was lucky enough to see an octopus on a small reef. \The octopus body was approximately the size of a Nerf football. Amazing how fast the animal can change colors! Enjoy, Brad in Michigan.
Special thanks to Brad for sending us the links to these stories.
Fish in the News from Robert in New Jersey
Hi Tom & Nevin. Here is the fish in the News for this week. The top story is still hr-669 The Nonnative Wildlife Invasion Prevention Act. I can't stress it enough it will kill our hobby we need to all email and Wright our representatives to get it changed. Think about it how many fish in your tanks are from the state you live in few if any. if you move from one state to another and you take your fish with you would be breaking the law if you sell any fry from your stock you will be breaking the law. This bill is devastating to the pet industry and will kill all fish related business in the USA so please act now the hearing is tomorrow. Your Friend, Robert in NJ
The New England Aquarium Speaks Out Against HR 669
Later Robert sent us another email which included this important message.

Nonnative Wildlife Invasion Prevention Act – HR 669
As a follow-up to the 4/6/09 e-mail sent on behalf of Rick Rego (NEC Legislative Chairperson) relative to the above captioned legislation, I am including additional information on what each hobbyist and pet owner should do to help prevent the implementation of this act.  Please share with all of your club members!
What is HR 669?
H.R. 669 stands for House Resolution 669 and is titled "The Nonnative Wildlife Invasion Prevention Act". It is a bill currently before Congress that if passed will change the way that the US Government classifies animal species that are not native to the United States. H.R. 669 will make it illegal to breed and sell many animals that are very common in the pet trade.
Why should you care about HR 669?
This bill will affect anyone that keep fish, birds, reptiles, or small mammals. This bill will affect any store or company that sells products or services for aquarium fish, birds, reptiles or small mammals.  Almost all fish kept in an aquarium are not native to the U.S.; most pet birds are species not native to the U.S.; most reptiles kept as pets are not native to the U.S.; Hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs and ferrets are not native to the U.S.!
What can you do to stop HR 669?
Pet owners support the concept of a risk-based approach to non-native imports, unfortunately H.R. 669 as drafted does not provide a constructive way forward. You can help by standing up and making your voice heard. Let your Representative know that you oppose H.R. 669 as drafted and the financial and/or emotional effect it will have on you, or your friends, or your family members if it passes.
You can use the sample letter below, or visit the website on the next page and follow their link to find out who your representatives are, and then use their link to send the sample letter directly to Congress!
April 15, 2009 
Dear Representative,
Please join me in opposing, H.R. 669, the Nonnative Wildlife Invasion Prevention Act. This Bill is being advanced by powerful special interest groups and creates an unworkable process, which is designed to fail. The government simply does not have the resources to evaluate the thousands of nonnative species already in this country for years and meet the unrealistic listing criteria and timeframes in the law, and such a process is unnecessary for controlling truly invasive species. There is absolutely no evidence to suggest that banning the import, sale, and trade of the vast majority of these animals will have any positive effect on the economy, environment, or human or animal species' health. In fact, if passed as drafted, H.R. 669 would destroy many families and businesses. It would have a decidedly negative impact on an already ailing economy by destroying a vital and growing industry at a time when our country is in need of jobs and growth.
Pet lovers such as myself support a legislative solution that targets species, which may actually be invasive, rather than every species not originally native to the U.S., including thousands of species that have been in this country for decades without adverse impact. This Bill is a disaster to American business owners as well as pet owners who care deeply about their pets and face having to dispose of them because of a flawed law.
Please do not pass H.R. 669 without addressing these flaws.
Mr. John/Jane Smith
1001 Main St
Anytown, ST 12345-0000


What can I do?
There are two steps that you can take to help fight the passage of H.R. 669. The first is to use the link below listed under "Step 1" to send an email to your Representative in Congress.

The second is to follow up your email with a brief, polite phone call letting your Representative know that you oppose H.R. 669. A link to find your Representatives phone number as well as an example of what to say when you call is listed below under "Step 2".

Step 1
The link below will take you to a form that asks for your zip code and your mailing address to help locate your Congressional District and identify you Congressperson. There is also a form letter (click here to preview the sample letter) in place in case you are unsure about what to write. If you'd like to add anything to the letter, a few brief, polite sentences about how the passage of H.R. 669 will effect you, your family, or someone you know will be extremely helpful. The best place to add those sentences is at the end right before the final sentence that says "Please do not pass H.R. 669 without addressing these flaws". You can send this email one time, or you can come back to every day and send an email out, every single one is helpful.

Click Here To Send Your Email

Step 2
Clicking the link below will open up a page that will ask for your address so that it can lookup your Representatives phone number. Since the bill is only in the House of Representatives right now, you'll want to call your Representative (not your Senators). You can click here to view a sample phone call to give you an idea of what to say, basically all you need to do is simply give the person your name and address and say "I'd just like the Representative to know that I am a constituent and I oppose H.R. 669". It's as simple as that! Just like the emails, you can call one time or you can call once a day. Some people are even putting their Representatives phone number into their cell phone address books and calling once a day on their lunch break!

Click Here To Get Your Representatives Phone Number

Now back to Roberts's Links to Fish in the News.
Expecting Nemo, finding Fido At the Shedd, canines rock where fish once ruled ... story
Locals use 'Wanted Alive' program ... 611496
4-Eyed Fish Don't Need Glasses To See Their Babies At Living Coast Aquarium ... Living_Coast_Aquarium
Ga. Aquarium Partners With Marineland
Top 10 Tips to Take Great Aquarium Photos ... Aquarium
Fish may hold secret to curing blindness ... story.html
Time Record Of Marine Species Formation In The Baltic Sea ... 4451.htm
Fish Researcher Demonstrates First 'Non-visual Feeding' By African Cichlids
Newly Discovered Iron-breathing Species Have Lived In Cold Isolation For Millions Of Years ... 44512.htm
All Octopuses Are Venomous: Could Lead To Drug Discovery
Clown Anemonefish (all fry are male)
The Whale that Exploded ... 3464/Overview ... 3628/Overview
Special thanks to Robert for sending us the links to these stories.
Fish in the News from Jourdan in Connecticut
Just in time for Earth Day, the Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch program has been honored by the influential green website as the Best Source of Sustainable Seafood Information in its first-ever Best of Green Awards.

This notable honor follows the recognition last year by Bon Appétit magazine, which named Monterey Bay Aquarium as its Tastemaker of the Year for bringing the message of sustainable seafood to the American public.

Between now and Earth Day (tomorrow) you, your friends and family can vote to make the TreeHugger award even bigger: by supporting Seafood Watch as "best of the best" in the Food & Health category. This would also put Seafood Watch in line to be voted the overall Best of Green award-winner among all the groups and individuals that have been honored thus far.

Please cast your vote today - and do what you can to spread the word!

~ Serena Federman
Seafood Watch Program
Monterey Bay Aquarium
Special thanks to Jourdan for sending us the links to this story.
Callers during this Show
Robert in New Jersey calls and reminds us all to write a letter urging a NO vote on HR-669, the bill to ban tropical fish as pets!
Ronnie from Missouri calls and inspires Tom and Nevin to talk about some of the fish rooms they've seen over the years.
Bonnie from Iowa calls and says she's got a Goldfish that's covered with fungus.
The Bailey Brothers encourage YOU to call Pet Fish Talk
during the show and talk about your pet fish.
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